A strange couple arrived in Jefferson, Texas on January 17, 1877 and checked into a hotel as “A. Monroe and wife.” He was a jewelry dealer and, with her ostentatious display of diamond rings, she could have been modeling his wares – but the diamonds were all her own. In Jefferson she was known as “Diamond Bessie.” On January 23, “A. Monroe” left Jefferson by train, alone. Two weeks later, a woman’s body, shot through the head, was found decomposing just outside of Jefferson. It was Diamond Bessie, but her diamonds were gone. When it was learned that “A. Monroe” was actually Abraham Rothschild, son of one of the richest men in Cincinnati, it was the beginning of four years of legal wrangling that Texas would never forget.
Date: January 21, 1877
Location: Jefferson, TX
Victim: Annie Stone Moore Rothchild ("Diamond Bessie")
Cause of Death: Gunshot
Accused: Abe Rothchild