Location: Brooklyn, New York
Victim: Sarah Alexander
Cause of Death: Slashing
Accused: Pesach N. Rubenstein
When the body of a young girl was found brutally stabbed and slashed in a cornfield in the East New York section of Brooklyn, local residents feared that she was one of their own and more than a thousand people went to the police station to view the body. When no one could identify her the police concluded that the girl had come from Manhattan and began questioning street car conductors and ferryboat crewmen hoping someone would remember bringing her to Brooklyn.
The girl had been savagely attacked. A deep wound on the right side of the face extended from the lobe of the right ear to a point directly at the center of the throat. Another gash on the right side of the face extended from the cheek bone down to the angle of the mouth. On the left side her ear had been sliced in two and the throat cut, severing the carotid artery. A deep wound in the throat looked as if the knife had been turned after being plunged in. She had mud on her knees and defensive wounds on her hands suggesting that she had been begging for her life when she died. The murder must have been committed prior to the snowstorm on Monday, December 13, as the wounds were filled with snow when she was found.
She was a small woman, not more than five feet tall. Her face was round, with dark eyes and straight dark brown or black hair; her complexion was dark. She was clean and well dressed and wore a pair of gold earrings with garnet settings. In a stack of corn the police found the murder weapon; a small knife, encrusted with blood, with a three and a half inch blade crudely riveted into a black walnut handle. It was recognized as a cigar maker’s knife. This, together with the woman’s dark complexion led the police to believe that she and her killer may have been Cuban.
Harry Lee, a conductor on the Broadway and East New York streetcar line remembered taking a “short, swarthy young woman” to the Seventh Street Ferry on Sunday night. She was distinctive because she wore no hat or bonnet and had a single braid of hair down her back. Several streetcar passengers on the Brooklyn side also remembered a hatless woman with a dark complexion. She was accompanied by “a swarthy Polish Jew, of forbidding mein” who seemed somewhat nervous. When they got off the streetcar they went in the direction of the Jamaica plank road, not far from the cornfield where the body was found.
Back in Manhattan, John Alexander was worried about the disappearance of his sister Sarah. She had left their house on Bayard Street on Sunday, December 12 to look for a job, and had not returned. On Monday he went to the home of their uncle, Israel Rubenstein to see if anyone there had seen her. They said she had stopped by on Sunday but left in the afternoon.
John Alexander worked as a peddler, and when he could afford it, he brought his sister Sarah to New York from their home in Poland. Sarah was described as a very industrious and religious girl who knew no one in New York outside of her family. When she first came to America she took a job as housekeeper for her uncle, Israel Rubenstein, but she had recently decided to find a job as a seamstress.
The family feared that Sarah had been kidnapped and forced to work in one of the brothels in their neighborhood, and when they reported her missing, the police had the same idea. John also placed a notice in the New York Sun seeking information on the missing girl. When the paper came out, Israel Rubenstein noticed that on the same page as the notice was the description of the murdered girl found in the East New York cornfield. He knew immediately it was Sarah and hurried to the police department.
The body was brought to Manhattan from the morgue in East New York and the family members positively identified her as Sarah Alexander. Mr. Rubenstein told the police about an interesting dream his son Pesach had on Sunday night. Pesach told his father that in his dream Sarah had been taken by an Italian to a cornfield ten miles away from New York City. She told Pesach to bury her. The father marveled at how prophetic the dream had been but the police saw it with a more jaundiced eye. They immediately brought Pesach in for questioning.
|Pesach N. Rubenstein|
Circumstantial evidence began to accumulate against Preach Rubenstein. His boots were a perfect match or foot prints found at the murder scene. The knife was traced to the cutlery shop of Gustave Simon on Division Street. Thirteen-year-old Augusta Simon distinctly remembered the transaction because the buyer paid full price for an unfinished knife.
The police arrested Rubenstein; they were convinced that he was the killer though they did not yet have a motive. That problem was solved when a thorough post-mortem examination of Sarah’s body showed that she was five months pregnant.
The defense claimed that Pesach Rubenstein was too week from consumption to have committed such a violent murder. While in the courtroom, Rubenstein was provided with a personal spittoon in case he needed to cough up blood. Observers noted that Rubenstein did not cough once during the proceedings and never used the spittoon.
The family claimed that Rubenstein was in the synagogue Emil Jacob when the murder was committed, but they could find no one who saw him there. Outside of court the Rubensteins were accused of trying to buy testimony of people who had seen or been with Pesach the day of the murder and to throw suspicion on Nathan Levy who had been seen frequently with Sarah Alexander.
Verdict: Guilty of first degree murder
Pesach Rubenstein was sentenced to hang in March 24, 1876 and was taken to one of the “condemned cells” at the Raymond Street Jail in Brooklyn to await execution. He still vehemently denied his guilt and asserted that time would prove his innocence. He denounced Detective Zundt who had led the investigation and vowed that his family and friends would follow Zundt until his death is avenged.
His jailers no longer allowed Rubenstein’s family to bring him kosher food, fearing they would try to cheat the gallows by poisoning him. They provided him with their own kosher dishes but Rubenstein ate very little, and spent most of his time in jail praying. His health began to deteriorate again.
Money was raised by the family in hopes of getting Rubenstein a new trial and in March he was granted a stay of execution while the matter was decided. This ray of hope was dashed on May 8 when his motion for a new trial was denied. Pesach Rubenstein died in his cell the following day of “incipient pulmonary tuberculosis, hastened by self-deprivation of nourishment and general nervous prostration.”